So, you have decided to create with your collector friends, your ASBL (non-profit association)!
But what will he ... 'She made up of members !

There is a distinction that is made between two types of members :

  • Effectifs
    • These are the members who have the most rights and obligations established by law;
    • They have the right to vote at the General Assembly;
    • They shall designate the "administrateurs" and the "conseil d’administration";
  • Adhérents (which can be divided into adherents membres, honorary members or others)
    • These are the members who have their rights and obligations established by the statutes;

The list of the "effectifs" members, not the adherent members, therefore, must be entered in an official register. A register for other types of members is useful but not required !

But how to become a member ?

  • Remember ! You had to put in the statutes the conditions of admission, exclusion and resignation of a member.
  • Also remember that only the "assemblée générale" may decide to exclude a member.

And the "Assemblée générale" in this ?
The "Assemblée générale" is composed of all effective members. Its functions are :

 Une délibération de l'assemblée générale est requise pour :
  1° la modification des statuts;
  2° la nomination et la révocation des administrateurs;
  3° la nomination et la révocation des commissaires et la fixation de leur rémunération dans les cas où une rémunération est attribuée;
  4° la décharge à octroyer aux administrateurs et aux commissaires;
  5° l'approbation des budgets et des comptes;
  6° la dissolution de l'association;
  7° l'exclusion d'un membre;
  8° la transformation de l'association en société à finalité sociale;
  9° tous les cas où les statuts l'exigent.
( Art. 4. de la loi du 27 juin 1921 modifiée par l’Art. 12. de la loi du 2 mai 2002.)

and it is called at least eight days before it, in the manner defined in the statutes, by the "Conseil d'administration". But it may also meet if a fifth of the members so requests.
Decisions of the "Assemblée générale" are recorded in a register that can be accessed by all "effectifs" members.

But what is it that the "Conseil d’administration" ?
Composed of at least three people if the association has over three member, or two if it has only three, and the number of members of the "conseil d'administration" must be less than that of the "assemblée générale".
The "conseil d'administration" manages the affairs of the association and represents it in all judicial and extrajudicial documents. The power of the "Conseil d'administration" can be defined in the statutes :

Tous les pouvoirs qui ne sont pas expressément réservés par la loi à l'assemblée générale sont de la compétence du conseil d'administration.
  Les statuts peuvent apporter des restrictions aux pouvoirs attribués au conseil d'administration par l'alinéa précédent. (…)
( Art. 13. de la loi du 27 juin 1921 modifiée par l’Art. 21. de la loi du 2 mai 2002.)

On contributions : "cotisations"
The law allows for in the statutes distinguish between "effectifs" members and "adhérents" members.
The "adhérents" members are members who can receive benefit based on a "cotisation" (publications, activities, etc.). But have no right to vote at "Assemblée Générale",...

It is a means to finance the association to have "adhérents" members and / or "effectifs" members who pay "cotisations".
The law in Article 6 paragraph Art 8. stipulates that the articles must state "the maximum amount of contributions and payments by the members" (not minimum).
This is not the minimum "cotisations" fee that is to be specified in the statutes, but the HIGH "cotisations" fee.
It may be possible that the fee be different between "adhérents" members and "effectifs" members.

 Les statuts d'une association mentionnent au minimun :
  8° le montant maximum des cotisations ou des versements à effectuer par les membres;
( Art. 2. de la loi du 27 juin 1921 modifiée par l’Art. 6. de la loi du 2 mai 2002.)


Les associations et Asbl (association sans but lucratif) sur Social Square